WPL Week 10 Round UP

In terms of post-season implications for the Women’s Premier League (WPL), it was the San Diego vs. Berkeley match that headlined week 10. The victor would take the second Blue Conference seed to the semifinals, and join Glendale, New York and Beantown in the title hunt.

Berkeley triumphed 34-15 in the teams’ first meeting and took the first lead on Saturday with a Courtney Hendrickson try two minutes in. San Diego fullback Megan Foster added a penalty 10 minutes later, and then wing Kelsi Stockert scored her second try of the WPL season. Fosters’ conversion put the home side ahead 10-5, a lead that was claimed while a player down.

Right before the break, flanker Sam Pankey added the Surfers’ second try, and Fosters’ conversion gave the Surfers a 17-5 edge into the half. San Diego head coach Jarrod Faul pointed to Pankey and No. 8 Matelina Maluia for leading the way in terms of defense-splitting runs and keeping the team on the front foot.

“Berkeley are a team that moves the ball really well and do a great job in keeping the ball alive, so we put a lot of emphasis on our defense – closing down their attacking space quicker, making first-up tackles, two-man tackles to eliminate their momentum and re-aligning promptly,” Faul explained the team’s focus for the rematch. “Our first-half effort wasn’t up to the standards we’ve set in recent weeks; however, it was a much improved second-half defensive effort.”

San Diego scored its third and final try through wing Tia Blythe and later added a Foster penalty for 25 points. Berkeley flyhalf Bulou Mataitoga scored in minute 64 – 25-10 to San Diego.

The Surfers finished second in the Blue Conference behind Glendale, which traveled to ORSU for what ended up being the tensest game of the weekend.

The teams were knotted at 5-5, as ORSU’s Te Awhina Ho Chee and Glendale’s Andrea Prusinski traded tries. Merlins MVP Amandine Chatelier scored at the end of the first quarter, and Colleen Cribbs’ conversion gave the visitors a 12-5 lead that nearly held through the half. But Jesters wing Claire Lundy crossed for a try right before the break, and then hooker Adrienne Acosta dotted down the first of her two tries. When inside center Anna Symonds scored in minute 46 and flyhalf Emma Richie converted, suddenly ORSU led 22-12.

Ten minutes later the Jesters extended their lead to 27-12 with Acosta’s second score, and ORSU looked well on its way to a win as the fourth quarter ticked away.

“I’m very happy with our performance. Our offense was finally clicking and we were attacking with urgency and purpose. It gives us good momentum going into nationals,” ORSU coach Beckett Royce noted. “There were a lot of positives to take away from that game even though the final score didn’t go our way.”

And then it was Glendale’s turn to produce some offense. Reserve Juliann Tordonato snapped the second-half scoring drought with a try, and then a penalty try followed a yellow card, 27-24. The game-winner came during injury time, courtesy of lock Charlotte Thompson, and Cribbs added the extras for the 31-27 win.

“This last match before nationals gave us an opportunity to really work as a team,” Glendale coach Kitt Wagner explained. “We were able to persevere through a penalty-heavy game, two yellow cards, and were able to end the match on top. We knew that we could come back and win and we did. This match showed that we have heart, depth, and the belief in ourselves as a team.”

Heading into this weekend, the Red Conference had already been decided in that New York and Beantown are heading to the semifinals, but that didn’t stop Twin Cities from challenging New York. The Amazons took an early lead on inside center Maria Bowker’s try before No. 8 Tahlia Brody answered with the first of her three scores. Brody’s second try came after Twin Cities wing Kaelene Lundstrum dotted down her eighth try of the season, and her third came right before the break. 15-10.

“The Zons really got stuck into us the first 20 minutes and caught us a bit cold,” New York coach James English reflected. “It was our first game in the rain this year and I felt it took us some time to adjust. It was great to see the players were able to make those adjustments and problem solve as the first half went on and finished the half strong. We were able to show our strength in depth in the second half but the Zons gave us a really physical game and had some big individual performances.”

Kristen Siano, Jennifer Salomon and Shelby Lin scored in the third quarter, and Siano’s conversion gave New York a 32-10 lead. Lundstrum ended the day’s scoring with her second try of the game, but New York held on for the 32-15 win.

“We have been unbeaten in the last two seasons now in our division, but we know that nationals is a whole different challenge,” English looked ahead. “We learned a lot last year against Glendale and I think that experience should help us know what to expect in this top bracket. The Surfers are national champions, well coached and have some great players. We know we have to perform well.”

Atlanta and the D.C. Furies ended their regular seasons against each other, but there’s potential for a rematch in the post-season, as both sides will be competing in the 7th place bracket with ORSU and Chicago North Shore. The Harlequins head into this weekend’s championship with more momentum, having earned its second win against the Furies, 25-5.

It took 20 minutes for the scoreboard to light up, and it was Atlanta wing Sherri Kelly with the try-crossing honors. Hooker Laketa Sutton followed with a try before the half, and No. 8 Jenna Grygier made it 15-0 with her first try of the season.

D.C. answered immediately with a Rian Van Nordheim try, and the game sat at 15-5 for the following 20 minutes. But scores from Atlanta flankers Madeline Vara and Carolyn Mackey put the game away.

The WPL championship kicks off Friday, Nov. 10 in Tucson, Ariz., and concludes Sunday. Stay tuned for final details on match-ups or visit wplrugby.org. Tickets to the final weekend are available through wplrugby.org/nationals/.

Eagle Alumni Network Spotlight: Mike Palefau

A seasoned rugger domestically and internationally, Mike Palefau experienced a storied rugby career with the Eagles, capping in both 7s and XVs for the national team. During the 2011-12 IRB Sevens World Series where he played alongside the likes of Blaine Scully, Matt Hawkins and Zack Test, Palefau was the Eagles’ leading try scorer and points scorer.

Now living in Seattle, Washington, Palefau remains connected to the rugby community on the pitch and even in his office.

USA Rugby Trust:When and where did you play rugby?
Mike Palefau: I started playing touch rugby in 2000 in Kahuku/Laie, Hawaii. From there, I played for the SLC Crusaders, Provo Steelers, Gentlemen of Aspen, Park City Haggis, Las Vegas Black Jacks, Utah Warriors, Seattle Old Puget Sound Beach/Saracens and Washington Athletic Club. I also played internationally for RCNM (Narbonne, France) and Petrarca Rugby (Padova, Italy).

USART: When did you play for the Eagles?
MP: I played for the Eagles from 2002 to 2014.

USART: What is your favorite rugby memory?
MP: My favorite memories are getting my first international caps, earning my first contract and playing with my various clubs.

USART: Where are you now?
MP: I work at USI, Kibble & Prentice in Seattle, Washington, as an employee benefits consultant. I’ve been there for five years along with former Eagles Kevin Swiryn and Miles Craigwell. Chris Prentice (huge rugby guy and co-founder of Atavus) is our regional CEO and has done a great job of mentoring us and building an amazing culture.

I played 7s this past summer with the newly formed Washington Athletic Club 7s and had a blast. They’ve been big supporters of rugby and created/hosted the MA Sorenson and Rudy Sholz Awards (Collegiate Men’s and Women’s Player of the Year) for the past two years.

Moving forward, I’d like to play with the Seattle Seawolves in the inaugural MLR season. We’ll see what happens!

USART: What do you believe is the most important factor in growing the sport of rugby in the US?
MP: There are several key components: start athletes playing at a younger age, increase quality refereeing and coaches, expand varsity programs and establish a well-recognized domestic professional league.

Avery and Zoë Berliner: The Biggest Little Eagles Fans

When asked what her children Avery and Zoë – ages 8 and 7 – love most about rugby, Katherine Berliner’s answer is simple: “Pretty much everything!” Avery and Zoë first picked up a rugby ball at ages 5 and 4, respectively, and the obsession gripped them from the very beginning. Now, Avery and Zoë are two of the Eagles’ biggest (albeit, littlest) fans.

Prior to moving to Hong Kong in 2010, the Berliners had no affiliation with rugby. But when their children became old enough to participate in youth sports, they knew they wanted Avery and Zoë to play a team sport with their classmates, and rugby seemed like the perfect choice. What started out as a casual activity has quickly become a family affair – Noah Berliner has coached Avery from the very beginning and is now coaching Zoë, as well. Katherine supports the club, setting up for tournaments or helping with kit distribution and planning social events. “Over time, we realized how lucky we were to be part of a great club and have gained a rugby family,” Katherine explains.

Avery and Zoë not only show their love for the game on the pitch, but also bring it into the classroom. From an early age at their school, children are taught to be authors, and from the beginning Avery’s favorite writing topic was rugby. “If they were assigned to write a ‘how to’ manual, he would write about how to play rugby. When it was a fictional story assignment, he wrote a story about the perfect rugby game,” recalls Katherine. “This year, he was tasked with writing about who he is as a person and what people should know about him. He thought the most important thing someone should know about him is that he plays rugby.”

[su_article_image src=”//wpcontent-usarugby.netdna-ssl.com/uploads/2017/11/AveryBerlinerBanner.jpg”]

Not to be outdone, Zoë also “tackled” a recent school project by focusing on rugby. During their school’s “Book-oween” event, students are asked to dress up as their favorite book character. Zoë chose the book “Girls Play Rugby” by Emma Jones and dressed up as a USA Rugby player. Along with the costume, Zoë’s assignment included drawing a bio photo of her character, so she drew a picture of herself playing against her favorite player Perry Baker.

[su_article_image src=”//wpcontent-usarugby.netdna-ssl.com/uploads/2017/11/ZoeBerlinerBanner.jpg”]

Through their participation with Valley Fort Rugby Club, Avery and Zoë have not only developed a passion for playing the game, but have truly become USA super fans. “When April rolls around and Hong Kong 7s is near, excitement hits a fever pitch in our house,” says Katherine. Though the Berliners can no longer sleep in on Saturday mornings, Katherine is proud that rugby has given Avery and Zoë a solid foundation of sportsmanship, teamwork and resiliency. “We are so grateful that we made the decision to give rugby a try years ago,” Katherine says. “It has really given us a chance to watch our children find something they love to do.”

Has rugby made an impact on your life? We want to hear about it! Share your #WhyRugby story here and you could be featured in an upcoming campaign.

USA Rugby Announces Chris Reed as Chief Development Officer

USA Rugby has named former USA Rugby Trust Major Gifts Officer Chris Reed as their new Chief Development Officer.

Reed possesses a wealth of fundraising experience with a proven track record in higher education and sport fundraising. Prior to taking the position of Major Gifts Officer for USA Rugby Trust in early 2015, Reed served as Director of Annual Giving and Advancement Services at Colby-Sawyer College in London, New Hampshire, where he was also Head Rugby Coach for more than 15 years. With a comprehensive understanding of USA Rugby’s structure and constituency, Reed hopes to propel the organization’s fundraising and philanthropic efforts to a new level.

“I’m honored and excited to be selected for this role within the organization,” says Reed. “The fundraising groundwork has previously been established for USA Rugby, so I’m looking forward to the future of what we can achieve for USA Rugby’s national teams and programs building on that foundation. There is tremendous opportunity for engagement and partnership around this great game. I’m especially looking forward to our department working with more rugby clubs and communities around the country to assist them with their own homegrown financial and fundraising needs.”

The Chief Development Officer will work closely with USA Rugby’s executive leadership team, solidifying the relationship between philanthropic funding and sport development. Reed will be charged with managing fundraising related to youth rugby advancement, referee training, national team funding and more, continuing USA Rugby Trust’s work to build world-class athletes and officials at all stages of development.

To learn more about USA Rugby Trust, click here. You can make a donation to support USA Rugby Trust’s mission here.

Eagle Alumni Spotlight: Blane Warhurst

Over the years, rugby has developed and matured, both in the United States and globally. For the past four decades, Blane Warhurst has witnessed these changes firsthand. A member of the American squad at the first-ever Rugby Union World Cup in 1987, Warhurst is optimistic about the changes he has seen and the future of rugby in the U.S.

Meet Blane Warhurst!

USA Rugby Trust:When and where did you play rugby?
Blane Warhurst: I first played rugby from 1970-75 at the University of California, Berkeley, then for the Old Blues from 1976-91.

USART: When did you start playing with the Eagles?
BW: I played with the Eagles from 1981-87, including an appearance at the first World Cup in Australia [and co-hosted by New Zealand].

USART: What is your favorite rugby memory?
BW: I’ve had many great memories, but near the top has to be winning the semi-final game with a push-over try in overtime against the hated Old Blue New York. This propelled us to the championship the next day and led to seven more championships in the 1980s.

USART: Where are you now?
BW: I have lived in Hayward (“mid-” San Francisco Bay area) for forty years. I settled there to receive a master’s degree from Cal State Hayward (now California State, East Bay) and coached both football and rugby at the local high school and junior college levels.

USART: What do you believe is the most important factor in growing the sport of rugby in the United States?
BW: I think we first need to introduce rugby to the general population by getting Rookie Rugby in the regular P.E. curriculum. Next, you need local clubs to sponsor youth and high school teams. The result will be broader participation, including less affluent groups of the population that would allow the U.S. to become a world-class rugby power. I like to state to anyone who will listen: when our rugby teams look more like our football teams in their diverse makeup, then we will have a much better chance of being successful.

[su_article_image src=”//wpcontent-usarugby.netdna-ssl.com/uploads/2017/09/RugbyNews_Rotated.jpg”]

Pictured: Blane Warhurst makes a crucial tackle against an Old Blue scrumhalf. Photo credit: Rugby, Rugby Press, LTD, 25, May 1981.

Head Coach James Gumbert discusses IWRF Americas Championship, wheelchair rugby experience

Today, USA Wheelchair Rugby began its quest to win the American Zonal Championships in Asunción, Paraguay. It has been a rebuilding year for the team, but we feel like we have an excellent squad heading into the competition. We hope you’ll support us in our pursuit to win the gold.

My story with wheelchair rugby began much like I hope yours will – as a fan. I found rugby later in life when I was in my 30s. In 1991, I decided to try it out for myself. During my first practice, I flipped out of my chair, and there was no one there to help me up. The other athletes had to go out onto the street to find someone to get me back on my wheels again. And I have to be honest – I was scared. But looking back, it was an empowering moment. I had been sheltered after my injury. I went from thinking I had to live in a glass case to realizing I wasn’t as fragile as I had once thought.

After that first practice, I was hooked. Eventually, I left my job in real estate so I could focus all of my time and energy on rugby. After two years of playing in Austin and three of commuting back and forth to play in Houston, my skills had developed and I tried out for the national team. In 1997, I had my first international exposure in Australia and New Zealand. It was awe-inspiring to discover that I could really do this. The sport gave me the confidence and consistency to have the courage to play my heart out. I started to reclaim my life.

Later, I transitioned from player to coach. I’ve served in numerous capacities over the years from assistant coach to commissioner and president of the league. Because the sport has given me so much, I feel like I’m paying it forward to my players and our fans. Of course, winning is great, but after getting the gold at the 2008 Paralympic Games in Beijing, I started to realize that there is so much more to being involved in adapted sports than that. It’s a chance to give the athletes their lives back. It’s about being able to watch people who have been told all their lives what they can’t do discover what they can do.

Last year, USAWR won the silver medal in the Rio Paralympics. As great as that was, it left a bad taste in our mouths. Much of this season has been focused on our foundation in preparation for today and in the future. We are bringing six new athletes into the elite program and I am excited that we are taking six young athletes that are experiencing their first American Championships to Paraguay. A true testament that USAWR continues to “change lives one hit at a time.”

In sport, there are many positive aspects that athletes get to enjoy, including staying active, being competitive and gaining social experience. But oftentimes in our world – for individuals with disabilities – those opportunities aren’t out there for us. Sport in the adapted world is limited; it hasn’t reached its potential. What wheelchair rugby does for these athletes is amazing – it gives them a chance to reclaim their lives and find an identity that they have lost. By supporting USA Wheelchair Rugby, you can get these athletes back on the track of living again through sport and through a supportive community. Those opportunities can change a person’s life. Reaching more athletes and developing our program requires support from rugby fans like you. However, I can assure you that when you make a gift to USA Wheelchair Rugby, you will feel rewarded in a way that is unmatched. It’s truly incredible to be a part of this program and to change another person’s life.

[su_article_image src=”//wpcontent-usarugby.netdna-ssl.com/uploads/2017/09/USAWRDonateBanner_Final.jpg”]

Eagle Alumni Spotlight: Allyson Sutkowi-Hemstreet

After many rugby seasons in California and a number of years as an Eagle, Allyson Sutkowi-Hemstreet now utilizes her passion for athletics and experience as a high performance athlete in her career as a physical therapist. Learn more about Allyson and her outlook on the sport she loves.

USA Rugby Trust:When and where did you play rugby?
Allyson Sutkowi-Hemstreet:I played rugby at University of California, Berkeley from 2001-2005 and fortunately Kathy Flores was the head coach for several seasons. From 2005-2009, I played for the Berkeley All-Blues Rugby Football Club. After relocating to Los Angeles, I joined the Belmont Shore Rugby Football Club and played from 2009-2011. I hung up my boots when I started the Doctorate of Physical Therapy program at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, in 2011.

USART: When did you play with the Eagles?
ASH: I first got involved with the Eagles in the Under-23 program in 2005. I played for both the Pacific Coast and Southern California select side teams and attended a number of USA training camps. I got capped on tour in 2008, a goal that seemed very far out of my reach when I set it in 2005.

USART: What is your favorite rugby memory?
ASH: The matches that mean the most to me are the ones that my various teams had no business winning. My final game with Cal at the 2005 Nationals, an NASC match with the Grizzlies that we won in overtime as well as a run of wins with the SoCal Griffins are all happy memories for me. Those were all instances when each respective team was better than the sum of its parts and when each member of the team excelled together. The moments when everything comes together and something collectively beautiful happens on the pitch are rare and so exciting.

USART: Where are you now?
ASH: Right now I live in Napa, California, with my wife and our baby. I work as a physical therapist in the Napa Valley.

USART: What do you believe is the most important factor in growing the sport of rugby in the US?
ASH: I believe that we have a great opportunity to grow the game by making it increasingly accessible to young women. Women and girls have few options to play a contact sport on a team of all women. I believe rugby is hugely empowering for all individuals but especially women. I hope we can get the next generation playing, watching and supporting the sport of rugby early.

Nutrition Strategies Post Injury

Injuries are an unavoidable part of being active. The physical damage caused by training is the same as any other trauma where there is damage; there are nutritional needs that must be met.

The Healing Process

Protein plays a major role in tissue regeneration and repair.* Minor injuries might not require additional protein, but major surgery can increase protein needs by 10 percent. General recommendations for protein are between 0.8 and 1.2 grams per kilogram of body weight, but major surgery can push the need up to 2.0 grams per kilogram. For someone weighing around 155 lbs (70 kg) normal protein needs would range from 56-84 grams with a recovery need up to 140 grams of protein.

Those who experience an injury can often meet their additional protein needs though dietary changes. Many people add whey protein isolate or a vegan protein option to help support their diet.*

Managing Inflammation

Inflammation is a necessary part of injury recovery triggered by the body’s need to clear dead and dying cells and to start the process of new cell development.

Research has shown that consuming 2-3 grams of omega 3s daily can positively influence markers of inflammation in the body.* The average person can consume this amount through a diet containing two servings of fish per week combined with increased intake of nuts, seeds, avocado, olive oil, chia, and flax seeds–or through the addition of a fish oil supplement.

Bromelain, an enzyme found in pineapple, has been shown to promote reduced swelling and bruising after surgery.* Bromelain is recommended in amounts between 150 and 500 milligrams per day. Bromelain is most abundant in the stems, leading many people to add a bromelain supplement to their diet.

Curcumin, the active ingredient in the spice turmeric, has been used as a medicinal food for thousands of years. Research has shown that supplementation of 500 milligrams twice daily can promote reduced swelling and tenderness.*

Repairing the Damage

Many vitamins and minerals are needed to support repair and recovery;* Vitamins A and C help support a normal inflammatory response and assist in the formation of collagen, which helps provide the structure of tendons, ligaments, and skin.*

Vitamin A is linked with a decrease in immune suppression normally seen after an injury.* Vitamin C deficiency can lead to a decreased stability of tissues and abnormal scar formation.* Zinc plays a role in new DNA creation and the ability of cells to multiply and protein formation.* Zinc deficiency can limit wound healing.*

Recovering athletes might consider a multi-vitamin containing vitamin A, vitamin C, and zinc during the initial wound healing phase.

Arginine can increase nitric oxide production, which can improve blood flow to damaged areas, providing important nutrients and promoting removal of dead and damaged cells.* Understanding what is happening in your body after an injury can help ensure that your diet supports a full recovery and help you get back to the gym.

* These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

USA v. Georgia Kickoff Time Announced

LAFAYETTE, Colo. – The kickoff time for the USA Men’s Eagles home match against Georgia has been announced. The June 17 international ranking test will start at 7 p.m. ET from Kennesaw’s Fifth Third Bank Stadium, just outside of Atlanta, Georgia.

[su_attention url=”http://usarug.by/2nZfplf” text=”PURCHASE USA V GEO TICKETS”]

Georgia is currently ranked 12th according to World Rugby, the international governing body of rugby union. A win could result in a large increase in rankings for the 17th ranked U.S. national team. The June match will mark the fifth time these teams have faced each other.

[su_attention url=”http://usarug.by/2oJqEPO” text=”USA v. GEORGIA: A HISTORY”]

The USA v. Georgia match is the second of the Emirates Airline Summer Series. The first match for the Men’s Eagles in the Summer Series will come one week earlier against Ireland at Red Bull Arena in Harrison, New Jersey. The Lelos, as they are known in Georgia, will face Canada on June 10, in Canada.

Tickets for USA v. Georgia in Kennesaw start at just $20 for individuals and $17 for groups. Tickets and more information on the Emirates Airline Summer Series are available at usarugby.org/summer-series.

Broadcast details for both Emirates Airline Summer Series matches will be released in due course.

The Travel Ritual

Colder temperatures and the spring break season often mean increased travel- and with it, increased stress. Taking care of your body while traveling will ensure that you feel your best when you arrive at your destination.

The Importance of Gut Health

Air travel to your destination can impact your body in multiple ways. First, jet lag can throw off your sleep schedule, which can affect gut health and your body’s ability to fight infection. Second, pressurized airplane cabins and low humidity can cause dehydration. And third, an airplane cabin’s close quarters and recirculated air can introduce microorganisms that are unfamiliar to the ones your body is accustomed to, leaving you more susceptible to your neighbors’ germs.

As your fellow travelers cough or sneeze, as they touch seats and tray tables, “bugs” from different areas of the country or other countries can be introduced into your environment. Interacting with organisms unfamiliar to your body can change the balance of bacteria, known as the microbiome, in your gut.

Protecting your Gut

In addition to exposure to new organisms, you’re likely to try local or unique cuisine at your destination, which can also change the balance of bugs – your microbiome – so being cautious about trying new foods during travel is encouraged. The hectic nature of travel, as well as security measures against carrying liquids during check-in, combined with the dry, pressurized in-flight air can lead to dehydration. However, a powdered hydration supplement like Catalyte® will pass through security and can be used with bottled water to resist dehydration.*

Adding a probiotic supplement that will support your immune system is a good insurance policy during travel and strenuous training.* Research has identified specific strains of good bacteria that can help ward off traveler’s diarrhea, as well as other strains that support your respiratory tract.*

Don’t Stress

Jet lag – changes to your body’s internal clock – can lead to poor sleep quality and also be a source of stress on the microbiome. Melatonin, the hormone responsible for regulating the sleep-and-wake cycle, is needed to help reset your internal clock.* So supplementing with melatonin should be considered.
Although jet lag often bears most of the blame for poor sleep when traveling, science has identified another reason. Called the “first night effect,” it’s an involuntary brain response to sleeping in a new place for the first time, such as a hotel room. The left side of the brain will stay more “awake” than the right side – a trait shared with birds and other mammals – ostensibly to help you be more alert to predators and other dangers in the night! So even though the risk of nighttime predators has ceased, the brain’s response remains.

A research study found that an ingredient in Thorne’s Multi-Vitamin Elite, known as Relora®, had a positive impact on the time to fall asleep in endurance cyclists on the night before a competition.* [link to the study] Athletes who supplemented with Relora® before an endurance road cycling race fell asleep faster and didn’t experience the “first night effect” as much as other cyclists. Relora, an extract from Phellodendron and Magnolia bark, has also been shown in research to reduce levels of the stress hormone cortisol and perceived daily stress.* Thorne’s Relora Plus also combines these botanicals with B vitamins for added stress support.*

Although travel is a necessary part of work, vacations, and holidays, as well as competitions for athletes, having a nutrition plan in place that includes supportive supplements can help you get to your destination feeling healthy, well-rested, and ready to perform your best.

*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.